The process of website development is divided into two categories: frontend and backend development. The frontend is concerned with the development of the user interface, whereas the backend concerns itself with server-side development. The frontend is visible to end users, but the backend isn't (in most cases). The websites we use are written in several different languages, which our browser then decrypts so that we can interact with it.
The backend code is the portion of your site's code that communicates with the frontend and sends and receives messages that need to be interpreted and displayed on the website. Furthermore, you are undoubtedly aware that there are two types of websites: static and dynamic. A static web page does not often change, whereas a dynamic web application changes according to the data in its database and is modifiable.
A database is necessary for every website to store and manage all data. Oracle SQL, MySQL, PostgresSQL, and SQLServer are just a few available databases. C, C++, Java, Ruby, PHP, .NET, and Python are some backend programming languages used to create dynamic websites.
Backend web development, or simply backend development, refers to the activities related to developing what you don't see on a website. Backend developers build code that enables the communication between the database and applications. It includes logic and server-side web application integration, writing APIs, building libraries, and working with system components. In short, backend developers control everything going on behind the scenes of your website.
There are many Back-End Programming Languages. Because we have been creating applications for over 12 years, we are no strangers to backend and frontend development. For this reason, we have compiled a list of the best Back-End Programming Languages.
Java is a universal, object-oriented programming language. It is also a concurrent programming language developed by Sun Microsystems in 1995. The JVM, or Java Virtual Machine, is an engine that provides a runtime to run Java code and applications. It translatesJava bytecode into machine language so it can be interpreted by machines. The JVM is part of the JRE (Java Runtime Environment).
Java is a multi-paradigmatic, feature-rich, interpretable, and powerful programming language that ensures high productivity for developers. Unlike other programming languages, Java has never made any major updates and changes and therefore remains the first choice for most companies. Due to its backward compatibility, Java is essential for business applications.
Python is a high-level, interpreted, interactive programming language. It's one of the most powerful and efficient multitasking languages for web development and data analysis.
Python is an extremely simple, easy-to-understand, and user-friendly language for building web applications and websites. It's a popular choice among web development experts since it's frequently used to create scalable websites and apps. Python is named after the British comedy group Monty Python, which Guido van Rossum created.
Ruby is another backend language. Ruby is a programming language that Yukihiro Matsumoto developed in the mid-nineties. It's an open-source, object-oriented, dynamic, and reflective language that is platform-independent. It can run on Windows, Mac, or any Unix version. Ruby follows the Principle Of Least Astonishment, which reduces confusion for experienced language users.
PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is a widely used server-side scripting language for creating dynamic, data-driven web applications. It is considered to be one of the best writing languages for websites. PHP is highly dynamic and universal, which is why it has gained recognition in developers' eyes as an ideal language for rapid application development and implementation. It is maintained by an open-source platform that can run on Mac, UNIX, and Windows systems.
The most famous PHP application is Facebook.
C# is a programming language created by Microsoft that builds on the strengths of the popular C programming language. It was created as part of the .NET framework for Windows app development. C# is a general-purpose programming language that, among other things, may be used to develop backend web applications, game, and mobile application development. It's not only helpful in developing websites on Windows; it may also be utilized on Android, iOS, and Linux systems.
It is one of the best programming languages for creating websites.
Perl is an excellent tool for programmers to manipulate text and binary files, retrieve information, and generate messages from them. It is also known as the system management language inspired by the C language. For programmers, it is easy to use and distinguished by high efficiency. Although Perl is not a compiled language, it is faster than most interpreted languages. However, it is also a scripting language, meaning that the programs it creates are plain text files that the Perl interpreter executes.
Perl is highly flexible, easy, effective, and also complete. Despite all its specifications, it is fast enough to create large projects. Because its syntax is borrowed from other programming languages, programmers don't have to learn everything from scratch.
Before deciding to choose a programming language, be sure to define the exact goals and requirements for integration. Only then will you make the right choice.
We have briefly introduced you to the 7 most popular languages, but this does not mean that your choice is limited to these languages only. There are still many new scriptwriters that can also be included in your project. It would be best if you chose the right tool in line with the business requirements of your project.
If you need a consultation with a company that has been creating web & mobile applications, feel free to contact us. We will be happy to help you choose the best language for your backend development.
With 13 years of experience in the IT industry and in-depth technical training, Peter could not be anything but our CTO. He had contact with every possible architecture and helped create many solutions for large and small companies. His daily duties include managing clients' projects, consulting on technical issues, and managing a team of highly qualified developers.
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