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What is a Framework?

06-01-2022 6 min read

What is a Framework?

As a software developer, you must obey the standards and order of computer programming. It's simple to make a mistake with big amounts of content that takes up a lot of time and lines of code, which makes finding it or just making your task more difficult. With the appropriate tools, you may prevent these blunders and focus on more essential things.

Frameworks are simply tools that allow you to construct an application without having to worry about minor details.

The complete Software Framework definition

A software framework or just a framework is a software development platform that gives developers a foundation to build applications.

In other words, a framework is a template, design, or technology-based logical structure that significantly facilitates work. As a result, we can avoid programming mistakes and errors.

We may use an example to understand frameworks briefly. You can construct a house with your bare hands, but this would take a long time, and the result might not be ideal. Using the appropriate tools will be simpler, quicker, and more successful, and we'll have even greater delight in the end product when experts in their field do it for us.

A framework serves the same function in software development. Popular frameworks are created and tested by other software developers and engineers so that you can rely on them.

What do we need it for?

Creating an application can be time-consuming, and thanks to frameworks, we will save development time, which we can use to advance the rest of our code more precisely.

Another advantage is avoiding annoying bugs or errors because we do not create the entire element from scratch but use ready and proven patterns. Open-source frameworks are tested by a large community and might be customized to match the project's needs.

The developers may add or remove features to give the application new capabilities using specific frameworks to fit it in code.

What's in a Framework?

What's in a Framework

Frameworks are constructed on a directory structure, and the most popular ones are open source and free to modify. These are often critical sources for future projects.

Software Frameworks and Libraries

It can therefore be considered that frameworks are some libraries full of tools that enrich developing software. But we should beware of this error, as there are some significant differences between these solutions.

The most crucial difference between a framework and a library is the principle of working with the program in which we want to use it. When you work with the code libraries, you lead the application's flow by choosing when and where the library is used. By using the framework, you let it control the flow of the structure. It has a few slots to insert your code, but it executes the code you inserted if needed.

However, they are similar in some ways. Other programmers write both, and their goal is to improve the entire software development process.

Types of Frameworks

Types of Frameworks

To help more understand "what is a framework," we should get to know its variations and their purpose. Look for frameworks that are most suitable for your requirements.

Mobile Development Frameworks

Mobile applications development now has a firm foothold in the market, and mobile development frameworks have risen to meet the demand. There are two major types of mobile apps: native mobile apps and cross-platform frameworks.

Flutter - Google's open-source, cross-platform app framework forms native code, meaning you can use one programming language and codebase to create an app for Apple and Android.

React Native - Facebook team's open-source, cross-platform app framework that also forms a native code. It was created with both JavaScript and ReactJS programming languages.  We took advantage of this framework in many cross-platform projects, as we are a React Native development company.

Front-end Framework

It is the type of framework that is responsible for web development. It's what's executed in the user's browser. Here are the two most famous front-end frameworks.

Angular - Google's created this solution based on JavaScript, which contains two-way data binding and dependency injections in 2010 as Angular JS. Still, in 2016, the framework was rewritten from scratch and released under its current name, but its generic functionality and purpose were unchanged.

React - Another example of a JavaScript-based framework. It can support programs thanks to its way of using virtual DOM. It improves advanced web applications' work and makes them render faster. As we are a React development company, we use it quite often in our web development projects.

Back-end Framework

One of the most commonly used web application frameworks uses programming languages to create content interacting with the database. These frameworks completely changed the way web development is done.

Django - Open-source Python-based web framework which takes care of much of the hassle of web development so that you can focus on programming.

Rails is another example of an open-source framework based on Ruby, famous for its simplicity. The developers cheer this language for its ease of use. 

How to pick a Framework for your programming language?

The most important rule is that the framework should not be something that significantly affects your work. This tool is meant to help, not to restrict and dictate your development. It provides a supporting structure for your work, so keep to your programming language and use a specific framework according to it.

Pros and Cons

pros-cons

Let's start with the advantages of software frameworks. When it comes to its usage, a framework has benefits and drawbacks, just like everything else. Here is a list of pointers that you should think about before deciding to learn or use one.

 

Saving time

We covered it earlier, but this should be mentioned as frequently as possible. Efficiency is often an essential factor and frameworks that other programming enthusiasts test provide fewer bugs and less code which can be significant in tight deadlines.

Saving money

The most popular technologies are typically free. An open-source framework enables the developer to code more quickly, the cost to the final consumer will be reduced.

Community

There is a large society of framework developers and editors who deliver new ideas and solutions. Sharing knowledge can help find what we are interested in, thanks to which it can help write code specific to our needs.

Security

The fact that a vast group of developers has access to frameworks means that they are tested and checked by many people, thanks to which they are constantly improved and what makes them reliable in use.

Certainly, frameworks make this complex process of writing code much easier, but sometimes it is worth considering whether using them is necessary. Here are the disadvantages that should be considered before using their support.

Not for beginners

A framework is a helpful tool, and the word "help" is crucial to understanding what it is all about. It is used to improve writing, so if you don't know what a framework should contain, it's worth learning what's inside, and only then should you consider whether you want to use it. Here's a simple rule: First, learn the language, then learn the framework.

Open-source problem

The fact that anyone can download, edit and upload it to the server poses a danger to people with unpleasant intentions who can destroy the framework's functionality.

Conclusion

Frameworks can help and streamline the entire development process, they are widely available, and there is a large selection of them. Proper use of them will undoubtedly make application development more effective and enjoyable. Before choosing them, it is worth knowing what you are looking for and what you need, and with the right choice, they can be irreplaceable.

About the author

Peter Koffer - Chief Technology Officer

With 13 years of experience in the IT industry and in-depth technical training, Peter could not be anything but our CTO. He had contact with every possible architecture and helped create many solutions for large and small companies. His daily duties include managing clients' projects, consulting on technical issues, and managing a team of highly qualified developers.

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